what is base currency

If he expects the price to rise, he buys USD and can sell them again at a later date when the price has risen, thus making a profit. IG International Limited is part of the IG Group and its ultimate parent company is IG Group Holdings Plc. IG International Limited https://www.dowjonesanalysis.com/ receives services from other members of the IG Group including IG Markets Limited. You agree to the company’s Terms and Conditions and the Privacy Notice by using this site. The company is incorporated according to the laws of Dubai and the United Arab Emirates.

Samples are GBP/AUD, EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBPJPY, EURNZD, and EURCHF. The foreign exchange market is where traders buy and sell currencies. Open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, there is no centralized marketplace.

what is base currency

Find out more about forex trading and how leverage in forex works. Dollars because of the favourable shift in exchange rates. Currencies constituting a currency pair are sometimes separated with a slash character. The slash may be omitted or replaced by a period, a dash, or nothing at all.

What is a base currency?

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what is base currency

The quote for the currency pair shows how much of the quote currency it takes to purchase one unit of the other. In the forex market, currency unit prices are quoted as currency pairs. The U.S. dollar is the base currency for most of the major currency pairs, including USD/JPY (Japanese yen as the quote currency), USD/CHF (Swiss franc), and USD/CAD (Canadian dollar). As noted above, traders use the base currency to determine how much of the quote currency is needed for them to purchase one unit of the base currency. For example, if you were looking at the CAD/USD currency pair, the Canadian dollar is the base currency and the U.S. dollar is the quote currency.

What Happens When a Base Currency Is Stronger Than a Quote Currrency?

Understanding the difference between these two terms is crucial for anyone engaged in forex trading, international business, or global travel. When you trade currencies, you go long the base currency and short the other. Local shifts in interest rates, trade deficits, and economic growth can all be reasons to favor one currency over another. In simpler terms, when dealing with EUR/USD at a rate of 1.1, it means you can acquire 1 Euro by paying 1.1 US Dollars. The base currency becomes a standard or reference point for evaluating the value of other currencies. The U.S. dollar is frequently used as the base currency, since it is the dominant currency in the world economy, and so is most frequently used to pay for transactions.

Base currency and quote currency are two common expressions in the Forex (foreign exchange) market. According to foreign exchange standards, if a trader wants to purchase €1, they must pay $1.55. The currency pair quotation is read in the same manner when selling the base currency, so if a seller wants to sell €1, they will get $1.55 for it. You agree that LearnFX is not responsible https://www.forexbox.info/ for any losses or damages you may incur as a result of any action you may take regarding the information contained on this website. Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. Before deciding to trade foreign exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite.

  1. For example, if a quote is stated as GBP/USD, the quote states the number of U.S. dollars that will be required to purchase one British pound.
  2. If the price of the EUR/USD pair is 1.3000, it means that you would need $1.30 to buy a single euro.
  3. In the context of a direct quote, the base currency is often the foreign currency.
  4. Trades are done in “lots,” which are 100,000 units of the base currency.
  5. For a British company that does business in the USA in US dollars, the USD/GBP or GBP/USD currency pair is interesting.
  6. Some traders have a preferred currency while others often look at liquidity in the market.

Without understanding which currency serves as the base in an exchange rate, you may end up making less informed decisions that could cost you financially. The exchange rate between two currencies directly correlates with the concept of base and quote currencies. If the exchange rate for EUR/USD is listed as 2.15, this means that 1 Euro can be exchanged for 2.15 US Dollars. In a currency pair, such as EUR/USD, EUR (Euro) is the base currency and USD (United States Dollar) is the quote currency. This arrangement communicates the value of one currency relative to another. There are several factors to consider when it comes to choosing a base currency.

Examples of a base currency

The term base currency refers to the first currency that appears in a currency pair. In the foreign exchange market, currency unit prices are quoted as currency pairs. The base currency is normally considered the domestic currency and is followed by the quote https://www.topforexnews.org/ currency or the counter currency in the pair. In the forex market, currency pairs are commonly depicted as XXX/YYY where the XXX is the base currency. The base currency represents how much of the quote currency you need to get one unit of the base currency.

The second currency stated in the quote is called the quote currency. In this currency pairing, the value of the base currency is expressed as 1 unit, while the quote currency’s value can fluctuate relative to the base currency. Foreign exchange is conducted in currency pairs where one currency is the base currency and the other is called the quote or counter currency. A base currency is named so because it represents how much of that currency is needed to buy one unit of the quote currency.

What Is Base Currency?

For instance, let’s assume a trader is looking at a currency pair of USD/CHF, where the USD is the base currency and the CHF is the quote currency. If the value of the USD increases, it will take fewer francs to buy one dollar. In a currency pair, the first component is called a base currency and the second one is called its quote currency. For example, in EUR/USD EUR is a base currency and USD is a quote currency.

Base Currency

Some traders have a preferred currency while others often look at liquidity in the market. This helps cut down transaction costs and makes currency trading easier. Investors generally buy the pair if they think that the base currency will gain value in contrast with the quote currency.

Another consideration is where the base currency is based. Some traders only use base currencies from countries with stable economies to ensure a smoother trading experience. Understanding the role and dynamics of the base currency can help you make more informed decisions, whether you’re trading forex or simply exchanging money for travel. The concept of a base currency is best understood through a practical example. Let’s consider the currency pair EUR/USD, which includes the Euro (EUR) and the United States Dollar (USD).